Mathematics Provides Answer To Airport Security Puzzle

High flyers will enjoy faster and safer travel in the future, thanks to mathematicians at The University of Manchester and airport security specialists Rapiscan Systems.

The future of the HIV pandemic

Mathematical models are shown to be useful for making qualitative predictions about the relative importance of different behaviours for the spread of HIV over time and for interpreting observed trends in HIV prevalence from sentinel surveillance sites.

A mathematical model for the burden of diabetes and its complications

In this paper, a mathematical model was proposed to deal with the dynamics of a population of diabetes.

The Role of Mathematical Modeling in Evidence-based Malaria Control

The article emphasized that for a successful malaria control it is critically important to describe what models can and cannot do.

Understanding biological complexity: lessons from the past

The information flow is so great, however, that using intuition alone to draw connections is unrealistic. Thus, the need to integrate mathematical biology with experimental biology is greater than ever.

Extending knowledge of Escherichia coli metabolism by modeling and experiment

A minireview of studies that used mathematical modeling and a combination of gene expression and protein levels to predict new gene functions and metabolic behaviors on Escherichia coli...

Molecular biology of breast metastasis: The use of mathematical models to determine relapse and to predict response to chemotherapy in breast cancer

The article discusses several models, with a focus on how they have been used to predict the initiation time of metastatic growth, the effect of operative therapy on the growth of metastases, and the optimal administration strategy for chemotherapy.

What Are The Chances? Mathematician Solves Evolutionary Mystery

For the last two years, a mathematics professor in MTU has been working on a mathematical solution to a challenging biological puzzle: Why is the typical evolutionary tree so lopsided?

New Mathematical Algorithms Might Help Diagnose Cancer

Dartmouth researchers have developed an algorithm that might someday be used to analyze blood for diagnostic purposes.

Predicting Risk of Mosquito-Borne Disease in Variable Environments

Using a mathematical modeling approach, scientists found that the rate humans are bitten and the proportion of infectious mosquitoes peak at different times and places.

Using Statistics to Decipher Secrets of Natural Mutation

A new mathematical approach for analyzing the complex, subtle patterns of natural mutation in DNA is likely to help biologists understand how mutation contributes to evolutionary change in mammals.

UA Mathematicians Predict Patterns in Fingerprints, Cacti

Patterns in nature can be seen every day, yet in many cases, little is understood about how and why they form. Now, mathematicians found a way to predict natural patterns.

Research Explores Addiction As Computational Process

A University of Minnesota researcher developed a computational model of addiction which can be used to make predictions about human behavior, animal behavior, and neurophysiology.

Computational Tool Predicts How Drugs Work In Cells, Advancing Efforts To Design Better Medicines

Using computational tool, drug developers can design compounds that will act on only desired gene and protein targets, eliciting therapeutic responses free of unwanted side effects.

New Teams Join Network To Model Pandemic Flu, Other Infectious Outbreaks

Four new scientific teams joined an international research network developing computer-based simulations of pandemic flu and other infectious disease outbreaks...

The Math Of Deadly Waves

Mathematics has a role to play in washing away misconceptions and myths about these deadly waves -- and potentially saving lives, says mathematical analyst.

Delft Mathematician Enhances Protectiveness Of Military Uniform

Delft researcher believes that within a few years it will be possible to calculate a realistic model of the human body with protective clothing...

New Math Model Finds That The Cochlea's Spiral Shape Enhances Low Frequencies

It was once thought that the spiral shape of the cochlea had no effect on how it functions. Recently, a mathematical model shows that its shape acts to enhance the low frequency sounds that we use to communicate with one another.

Simple explanation for complex pattern of feather development

Biologists tested a mathematical model of the mechanism birds use to control the growth of complex feathers.

Mathematical models have given physicists a new look at DNA's chemical counterpart, RNA

The models -- showing that RNA behaves differently depending on the temperature of its environment -- may help biologists better understand how life evolved on Earth.