Key brain regulatory gene shows evolution in humans

Researchers have discovered the first brain regulatory gene that shows clear evidence of evolution from lower primates to humans.

Modern humans, not Neandertals, may be evolution's 'odd man out'

Could it be that in the great evolutionary "family tree," it is we Modern Humans, not the brow-ridged, large-nosed Neandertals, who are the odd uncle out?

The evolution of right- and left-handedness

New study compares handedness of medieval English villagers to modern-day sample

Neuron Cell Stickiness May Hold Key to Evolution of the Human Brain

The stickiness of human neurons may have been a key factor in why the human brain evolved beyond the brains of our primate relatives.

Unraveling where chimp and human brains diverge

New approach will pinpoint genes linked to evolution of human brain

Blame Our Evolutionary Risk of Cancer on Our Body Mass

A key enzyme that cuts short our cellular lifespan in an effort to thwart cancer has now been linked to body mass.

Complexity constrains evolution of human brain genes

Despite the explosive growth in size and complexity of the human brain, the pace of evolutionary change among the thousands of genes expressed in brain tissue has actually slowed since the split, millions of years ago, between human and chimpanzee

Pitt professor contends biological underpinnings

Evolutionary changes occur suddenly as opposed to the Darwinian model of evolution, which is characterized by gradual and constant change.

Population Bottlenecks and Pleistocene Human Evolution

The article reviews the anatomical and archaeological evidence for an early population bottleneck in humans and bracket the time when it could have occurred.

Tracing the origin of functional and conserved domains in the human proteome: implications for protein evolution at the modular level

Knowledge on the origin of these functionalities provides a better understanding of the domain and protein evolution in human.

How Did We Get So Smart? Study Sheds Light On Evolution Of The Brain

Scientists have devised a simple but powerful method for analyzing brain anatomy, providing the first reliable measure of how brains of humans and other mammals are related to one another across evolution.

How Running Made Us Human: Endurance Running Let Us Evolve To Look The Way We Do

Humans evolved from ape-like ancestors because they needed to run long distances perhaps to hunt animals or scavenge carcasses on Africa's vast savannah and the ability to run shaped our anatomy, making us look like we do today.

Evidence That Human Brain Evolution Was A Special Event

Genes that control the size and complexity of the brain have undergone much more rapid evolution in humans than in non-human primates or other mammals, according to a new study by Howard Hughes Medical Institute researchers.

'Hobbit' Fossil Likely Represents New Branch On Human Family Tree

A fossil of a diminutive human nicknamed "the Hobbit" likely represents a previously unrecognized species of early humans, according to the results of a detailed comparison of the fossil's brain case with those of humans, apes...

There's Something Fishy About Human Brain Evolution

According to Dr. Stephen Cunnane it was a rich and secure shore-based diet that fuelled and provided the essential nutrients to make our brains what they are today. Controversially, according to Dr. Cunnane our initial brain boost didn't happen by adaptat

Focus: Human Evolution

Robin McKie on a discovery that sheds light on our distant past - and possibly our present.