Anatomy & Physiology

This section includes articles on Anatomy, which deals with the structure and organization of living things at the cellular, tissue, and organ level, and Physiology, which studies the mechanical, physical, and biochemical functions of living organisms. It is not uncommon for Physiology to be associated with Anatomy since structure and function are mostly inseparable topics particularly at the cellular and molecular level.

Anatomy & Physiology Articles

Butterfly Proboscis to Sip Cells

12 Jan 2010

Rating: 3.73

A butterfly's proboscis looks like a straw -- long, slender, and used for sipping -- but it works more like a paper towel

Watch Your Step When The Going Gets Rough

12 Jan 2010

Rating: 4.14

Placing your foot accurately is a complicated process.

Footwear Alters Normal Form And Function Of The Foot

12 Jan 2010

Rating: 2.67

A habitually shod lifestyle has consequences for the biologically normal anatomy and function of the foot.

Auditory Regions Of Brain Convert To Sense Of Touch, Hearing Loss Study Finds

12 Jan 2010

Rating: 5.00

Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine researchers have discovered that adult animals with hearing loss actually re-route the sense of touch into the hearing parts of the brain.

Repairing Knee Ligament: Anatomy And Stability Of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction With Different Techniques

12 Jan 2010

Rating: 3.00

An improved understanding of the anatomy of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in recent years has generated a renewed interest in the evaluation of surgical techniques to repair the knee ligament.

Knee Surgery: Technique That Improves Anterior Cruciate Ligament Surgery Identified

12 Jan 2010

Rating: 4.00

Surgeons from Hospital for Special Surgery in New York have identified a drilling technique that improves the outcome of surgery to reconstruct the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL).

BCL-6 Regulates Insulin Signaling Pathway in Adipocytes

13 May 2009

Rating: 5.00

Computational and functional analysis of growth hormone-regulated genes identifies the transcriptional repressor Bcl6 as a participant in GH-regulated transcription (Endocrinology published April 30, 2009)

Differences in femoral compact bone tissue microscopic structure between adult cows (Bos taurus) and pigs (Sus scrofa domestica)

21 Aug 2008

Rating: 2.40

The purpose of this investigation was to study in detail compact bone tissue microscopic structure of adult cows and pigs with an emphasis to find an adequate key for the species identification. (Abstract only).

Intracellularly Labeled Fusiform Cells in Dorsal Cochlear Nucleus of the Gerbil. II. Comparison of Physiology and Anatomy

13 Aug 2008

Rating: 1.00

The present report describes the physiology and anatomy of 17 intracellularly recorded and labeled fusiform cells from the DCN of anesthetized gerbils.

Anatomy, Physiology, and Synaptic Responses of Rat Layer V Auditory Cortical Cells and Effects of Intracellular GABAA Blockade

13 Aug 2008

Rating: not rated

These findings indicate that IB cells receive less GABAA-mediated inhibitory input and are able to spike or burst in response to thalamocortical synaptic stimulation far more readily than RS cells.

Anatomy and Physiology of Principal Cells of the Medial Nucleus of the Trapezoid Body (MNTB) of the Cat

13 Aug 2008

Rating: not rated

The goal in these in vivo experiments was to answer the questions described above by characterizing the basic response features of cat MNTB cells, with glass electrodes, and to subsequently label the cell with either HRP or neurobiotin.

Male Kidneys For Men Only?

12 Aug 2008

Rating: 4.40

The gender of donor and recipient plays a larger role in kidney transplants than previously assumed.

Research shows skeleton to be endocrine organ

12 Aug 2008

Rating: 4.40

A surprising and critically important novel function of the skeleton.

Keeping biological tubes in check: New insights into tube size morphogenesis

12 Aug 2008

Rating: 4.00

The function of tubular organs like the kidneys, lungs, and vessels of the vascular system is critically dependent on the length and diameter of the tubular branches of which they are composed.

HOXA11 shows its strength in the pelvis

12 Aug 2008

Rating: not rated

The quality of life of millions of women is negatively affected by pelvic organ prolapse (POP) — the downward descent of the pelvic organs that causes symptoms such as urinary incontinence.

Humans are Omnivores

12 Aug 2008

Rating: 3.83

Humans are classic examples of omnivores in all relevant anatomical traits.

Anatomy and Physiology of the Primate Interstitial Nucleus of Cajal. II. Discharge Pattern of Single Efferent Fibers

1 Nov 2007

Rating: not rated

Single efferent fibers of the interstitial nucleus of Cajal (NIC) were characterized physiologically and injected with biocytin in alert behaving monkeys.

The Amygdaloid Complex: Anatomy and Physiology

1 Nov 2007

Rating: 4.24

In this review, the authors examine the anatomical and physiological substrates proposed to underlie amygdala function.

Morphometry of acromion and its clinical implications

30 Oct 2007

Rating: 3.00

Abstract : Previous studies demonstrated that the morphology of the acromion and its respective relations with the uppermost point of the glenoid and the coracoid process is very important in the determination of subacromial space

Anatomical study in relation to the implicated sites in the zygomatic implants technique

30 Oct 2007

Rating: 1.00

Abstract : The technique of zygomatic implants introduced by Branemark et al. (1997) in search of a simple solution for total maxillary toothless patients without a residual margin.