Difference between revisions of "Styrene"

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'''Styrene''' (chemical formula: C<sub>8</sub>H<sub>8</sub>)  is a colorless, oily [[organic compound]] that serves as a precursor to polystyrenes, plastics, and synthetic rubber. It is a derivative of [[benzene]]. Together with divinylbenzene (for cross-linking), it is the basis of many synthetic ion exchangers. It was first isolated in 1839 by the German apothecary, Eduard Simon, from the resin of ''Liquidambar styraciflua'' (commonly called the American sweetgum tree, from the taxonomic plant family Altingiaceae). Apart from this plant, styrene was also found in certain plants such as cinnamon, peanuts, and coffee beans, albeit in small quantities. Eventually, styrene is produced synthetically for its use in the plastic industry. Styrene is presumed to be a carcinogen. In humans, it is metabolized into styrene oxide, which is mutagenic and possibly carcinogenic. Synonym: vinylbenzene, phenylethene, ethenylbenzene.
  
C6H5CH==CH2; phenylethylene;the [[monomer]] from which [[polystyrenes]], [[plastics]], and [[synthetic]] [[rubber]] are made; together with divinylbenzene (for [[cross]]-linking), it is the [[basis]] of many synthetic [[ion exchangers]].
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==References ==
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# Steele, D.H. (Midwest Research Institute, Kansas City, MO, Thornburg, M. ., Stanley, J. ., Miller, R. ., Brooke, R., Cushman, J. ., & Cruzan, G. (2019). Determination of styrene in selected foods. Retrieved from Journal of agricultural and food chemistry (USA) website: http://agris.fao.org/agris-search/search.do?recordID=US9561217
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# Some Traditional Herbal Medicines, Some Mycotoxins, Naphthalene, and Styrene  - WHO - OMS -. (2019). Retrieved from Who.int website: http://apps.who.int/bookorders/anglais/detart1.jsp?sesslan=1&codlan=1&codcol=72&codcch=82
  
Synonym: [[cinnamene]], [[ethenylbenzene]], [[styrol]], [[vinylbenzene]].
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Latest revision as of 23:23, 13 October 2019

Styrene (chemical formula: C8H8) is a colorless, oily organic compound that serves as a precursor to polystyrenes, plastics, and synthetic rubber. It is a derivative of benzene. Together with divinylbenzene (for cross-linking), it is the basis of many synthetic ion exchangers. It was first isolated in 1839 by the German apothecary, Eduard Simon, from the resin of Liquidambar styraciflua (commonly called the American sweetgum tree, from the taxonomic plant family Altingiaceae). Apart from this plant, styrene was also found in certain plants such as cinnamon, peanuts, and coffee beans, albeit in small quantities. Eventually, styrene is produced synthetically for its use in the plastic industry. Styrene is presumed to be a carcinogen. In humans, it is metabolized into styrene oxide, which is mutagenic and possibly carcinogenic. Synonym: vinylbenzene, phenylethene, ethenylbenzene.

References

  1. Steele, D.H. (Midwest Research Institute, Kansas City, MO, Thornburg, M. ., Stanley, J. ., Miller, R. ., Brooke, R., Cushman, J. ., & Cruzan, G. (2019). Determination of styrene in selected foods. Retrieved from Journal of agricultural and food chemistry (USA) website: http://agris.fao.org/agris-search/search.do?recordID=US9561217
  2. Some Traditional Herbal Medicines, Some Mycotoxins, Naphthalene, and Styrene - WHO - OMS -. (2019). Retrieved from Who.int website: http://apps.who.int/bookorders/anglais/detart1.jsp?sesslan=1&codlan=1&codcol=72&codcch=82



© Biology Online. Content provided and moderated by Biology Online Editors