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1. A flower and shrub of any species of the genus Rosa, of which there are many species, mostly found in the morthern hemispere
Roses are shrubs with pinnate leaves and usually prickly stems. The flowers are large, and in the wild state have five petals of a colour varying from deep pink to white, or sometimes yellow. By cultivation and hybridizing the number of petals is greatly increased and the natural perfume enhanced. In this way many distinct classes of roses have been formed, as the Banksia, Baurbon, Boursalt, China, Noisette, hybrid perpetual, etc, with multitudes of varieties in nearly every class.
2. A knot of ribbon formed like a rose; a rose knot; a rosette, especially. One worn on a shoe.
3. A rose window. See Rose window, below.
4. A perforated nozzle, as of a pipe, spout, etc, for delivering water in fine jets; a rosehead; also, a strainer at the foot of a pump.
5. (Science: medicine) The erysipelas.
6. The card of the mariner's compass; also, a circular card with radiating lines, used in other instruments.
7. The colour of a rose; rose-red; pink.
8. A diamond. See Rose diamond, below. Cabbage rose, China rose, etc. See Cabbage, China, etc. Corn rose, feuds between the Houses of York and Lancaster, the white
rose being the badge of the House of York, and the red rose of the House of Lancaster.
Origin: AS. Rose, L. Rosa, probably akin to Gr, Armor. Vard, OPer. Vareda; and perhaps to E. Wort: cf. F. Rose, from the Latin. Cf. Copperas, Rhododendron.