Difference between revisions of "Oxidise"

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oxidise
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'''Definition'''
  
(Science: chemistry) To combine or [[cause]] an [[element]] or [[radical]] to combine with [[oxygen]] or to [[lose]] [[electrons]].
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''verb''
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(1) To combine with [[oxygen]]; to add [[oxygen]]; to convert into an [[oxide]].
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(2) To remove [[hydrogen]], as by the action of [[oxygen]], ''e.g. to oxidise [[alcohol]] to form [[aldehyde]]''.
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(3) To increase the [[valence]] of an [[element]], e.g. by removing [[electrons]].
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(4) To become oxidised.
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'''Supplement'''
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When a compound is oxidised the oxidation number is increased. For instance, the suffix changes from -''ous'' to -''ic'', such as ''mercurous chloride'' when oxidized becomes ''mercuric chloride''.
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''Variant:'' oxidize (''British'')
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''Related forms:'' oxidises (''simple present''), oxidising (''present participle''), oxidised (''simple past and past participle'').
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''Compare:'' [[reduce]].
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<br>''See also:'' [[oxidation]].

Latest revision as of 22:57, 27 November 2008

Definition

verb

(1) To combine with oxygen; to add oxygen; to convert into an oxide.

(2) To remove hydrogen, as by the action of oxygen, e.g. to oxidise alcohol to form aldehyde.

(3) To increase the valence of an element, e.g. by removing electrons.

(4) To become oxidised.


Supplement

When a compound is oxidised the oxidation number is increased. For instance, the suffix changes from -ous to -ic, such as mercurous chloride when oxidized becomes mercuric chloride.


Variant: oxidize (British)

Related forms: oxidises (simple present), oxidising (present participle), oxidised (simple past and past participle).

Compare: reduce.
See also: oxidation.