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Neuroscientist

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Definition

noun

An expert or researcher in the field of neuroscience


Supplement

A neuroscientist is an expert in the field of neuroscience. Neuroscience is the scientific study of the nervous system and is concerned with the structure, development, function, chemistry, pharmacology, and pathology of the nervous system. The history of neuroscience dates back to the time of the ancient Egyptians. There were manuscripts (around 1700 BC) delineating brain damage. Some of the earliest experts in neuroscience were Hippocrates and Galen. Hippocrates, a Greek physician, posited that the brain was the seat of intelligence apart from being associated with the senses (hearing, vision, touch, olfaction, etc.). Galen, a Roman physician, supported this thought when he observed that sustained damage to the brain led to mental disorders. With the advent of modern tools and technology, neuroscientists were able to study the nervous system at the molecular, physiological, biochemical, biomedical, physical, computational, anatomical, and systemic levels. Some of the famous modern neuroscientists include Arvid Carlsson, Paul Greengard and Eric Kandel. Arvid Carlsson, a Swedish neuropharmacologist, is recognized for his work with dopamine and its effects in Parkinson's disease. Paul Greengard, American neuroscientist, is credited for his work on molecular and cellular function of neurons. Eric Richard Kandel, an Austrian-American neuroscientist, is known for his research on the physiological basis of memory storage in neurons. They were the recipient of the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in year 2000.


Word origin: Greek neuron + science

Synonym(s):

  • neurobiologist

See also: