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Difference between revisions of "Mumps"

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mumps
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[[Mumps]] (caused by the Rubulavirus)
  
An [[infectious]] [[acute]] [[viral]] [[disease]] affecting the [[parotid glands]]. The [[gonads]], [[meninges]] and [[pancreas]] can also be [[affected]]. The causative [[agent]] is a [[paramyxovirus]]. [[Humans]] are the only [[natural]] [[host]] for this disease.
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An [[infectious]] [[acute]] [[viral]] [[disease]] affecting the [[parotid]] [[glands]]. The [[gonads]], meninges and [[pancreas]] can also be [[affected]]. The causative [[agent]] is a [[paramyxovirus]]. [[Humans]] are the only [[natural]] [[host]] for this [[disease]].
  
Common [[symptoms]] include weakness, [[fever]], [[sore]] [[throat]], [[malaise]] and puffiness to the [[cheeks]] (due to [[parotid gland]] [[swelling]]). [[Patients]] are [[contagious]] 1 [[day]] [[prior]] to the onset of swelling until the swelling is gone. [[Recovery]] is generally in 2 weeks.
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Common [[symptoms]] include weakness, [[fever]], [[sore throat]], [[malaise]] and puffiness to the [[cheeks]] (due to [[parotid gland]] [[swelling]]). [[Patients]] are [[contagious]] 3 days [[prior]] to the onset of [[symptoms]] until the [[swelling]] is gone (approx. 9 days after) ([[range]] 6 days before - 12 days after). [[Recovery]] is generally in 2 weeks.
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The [[disease]] is [[spread]] through [[direct]] [[contact]] with [[saliva]], [[respiratory]] [[secretions]], airborne dropelets or [[fomites]].
  
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A [[vaccine]] against [[mumps]] was licenced in 1967.  Since the [[vaccine]], [[outbreaks]] in the US are not that common, but 16,000 [[cases]] were reported in England, in 2004.

Latest revision as of 03:22, 21 March 2007

Mumps (caused by the Rubulavirus)

An infectious acute viral disease affecting the parotid glands. The gonads, meninges and pancreas can also be affected. The causative agent is a paramyxovirus. Humans are the only natural host for this disease.

Common symptoms include weakness, fever, sore throat, malaise and puffiness to the cheeks (due to parotid gland swelling). Patients are contagious 3 days prior to the onset of symptoms until the swelling is gone (approx. 9 days after) (range 6 days before - 12 days after). Recovery is generally in 2 weeks. The disease is spread through direct contact with saliva, respiratory secretions, airborne dropelets or fomites.

A vaccine against mumps was licenced in 1967. Since the vaccine, outbreaks in the US are not that common, but 16,000 cases were reported in England, in 2004.