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Difference between revisions of "Glycerol"

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[[Glycerol]]
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'''Definition'''
  
(Science: biochemistry) a [[metabolic]] [[intermediate]], but primarily of interest as the central [[structural]] [[component]] of the [[major]] [[classes]] of [[biological]] [[lipids]], [[triglycerides]] and [[phosphatidyl]] [[phospholipids]]. Also used as a [[cryoprotectant]].
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''noun, plural: glycerols ''
A [[sweet]] [[syrupy]] trihydroxy [[alcohol]] obtained by [[saponification]] of [[fats]] and oils.A [[type]] of [[lipid]] that contains [[high]] [[amounts]] of [[energy]] in its [[chemical]] [[bonds]], and therefore is a useful constituent in [[metabolism]].
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(1) A colorless, odorless, viscous metabolic intermediate and structural component of the major classes of biological [[lipid]]s, [[triglyceride]]s and phosphatidyl [[phospholipid]]s.
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(2) 1,2,3-trihydroxy-propane or propan-1,2,3-triol; a trihydric alcohol derived from saponification of [[fat]]s and [[oil]]s.
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'''Supplement'''
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For human consumption, glycerol is classified by the FDA among the [[sugar]] [[alcohol]]s as a caloric [[macronutrient]]. It is used as antifreeze, a plasticizer, and a food sweetener and in the manufacture of dynamite, cosmetics etc.
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''Also called:'' [[glycerin]] or [[glycerine]]
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''Related terms:''
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*[[Sn-glycerol-3-phosphorylcholine synthetase]]
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*[[Glycerol-1-phosphate dehydrogenase]]

Revision as of 10:32, 20 April 2009

Definition

noun, plural: glycerols

(1) A colorless, odorless, viscous metabolic intermediate and structural component of the major classes of biological lipids, triglycerides and phosphatidyl phospholipids.

(2) 1,2,3-trihydroxy-propane or propan-1,2,3-triol; a trihydric alcohol derived from saponification of fats and oils.


Supplement

For human consumption, glycerol is classified by the FDA among the sugar alcohols as a caloric macronutrient. It is used as antifreeze, a plasticizer, and a food sweetener and in the manufacture of dynamite, cosmetics etc.


Also called: glycerin or glycerine

Related terms: