Difference between revisions of "Clone"

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A clone is derived from a single [[progenitor cell]] that propagates into a [[population]] of single-celled or multicellular [[organism]]s. Because of this, the clones would be genetically identical. Derived terms such as ''monoclonal'' and ''polyclonal'' are used especially of a protein or an antibody that are derived from a single clone and multiple clones, respectively.  
 
A clone is derived from a single [[progenitor cell]] that propagates into a [[population]] of single-celled or multicellular [[organism]]s. Because of this, the clones would be genetically identical. Derived terms such as ''monoclonal'' and ''polyclonal'' are used especially of a protein or an antibody that are derived from a single clone and multiple clones, respectively.  
  
The process of creating an exact copy of a biological unit (e.g. a DNA sequence, cell, or organism) from which it was derived is referred to as [[cloning]]. Cloning occurs naturally. For instance, a plant that reproduces through asexual reproduction (e.g. [[apomixes]]) brings about copies of genetically-identical plants. Bacterial cell that divides through [[binary fission]] produces clones that are genetically the same as that of the parent cell. Animals capable of [[parthenogenesis]] produce clonal offspring.
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The process of creating an exact copy of a biological unit (e.g. a DNA sequence, cell, or organism) from which it was derived is referred to as [[cloning]]. Cloning occurs naturally. For instance, a plant that reproduces through asexual reproduction (e.g. [[apomixis]]) brings about copies of genetically-identical plants. Bacterial cell that divides through [[binary fission]] produces clones that are genetically the same as that of the parent cell. Animals capable of [[parthenogenesis]] produce clonal offspring.
  
 
Clones can also be produced through artificial means. Biotechnological methods are employed to produce such clones. Molecular cloning, for one, is employed so that copies of specific gene fragment are produced. Cellular cloning is carried out to produce single-celled organisms with the exact genetic content of the original cell are produced in cell cultures. Organism cloning, or reproductive cloning, is done to create a multicellular clone through somatic cell nuclear transfer.
 
Clones can also be produced through artificial means. Biotechnological methods are employed to produce such clones. Molecular cloning, for one, is employed so that copies of specific gene fragment are produced. Cellular cloning is carried out to produce single-celled organisms with the exact genetic content of the original cell are produced in cell cultures. Organism cloning, or reproductive cloning, is done to create a multicellular clone through somatic cell nuclear transfer.

Latest revision as of 04:38, 23 January 2016

Definition

noun, plural: clones

A propagating population of organisms, either single cell or multicellular, derived from a single progenitor cell


clonal adjective

Of, pertaining to, or associated with a clone


Supplement

A clone is derived from a single progenitor cell that propagates into a population of single-celled or multicellular organisms. Because of this, the clones would be genetically identical. Derived terms such as monoclonal and polyclonal are used especially of a protein or an antibody that are derived from a single clone and multiple clones, respectively.

The process of creating an exact copy of a biological unit (e.g. a DNA sequence, cell, or organism) from which it was derived is referred to as cloning. Cloning occurs naturally. For instance, a plant that reproduces through asexual reproduction (e.g. apomixis) brings about copies of genetically-identical plants. Bacterial cell that divides through binary fission produces clones that are genetically the same as that of the parent cell. Animals capable of parthenogenesis produce clonal offspring.

Clones can also be produced through artificial means. Biotechnological methods are employed to produce such clones. Molecular cloning, for one, is employed so that copies of specific gene fragment are produced. Cellular cloning is carried out to produce single-celled organisms with the exact genetic content of the original cell are produced in cell cultures. Organism cloning, or reproductive cloning, is done to create a multicellular clone through somatic cell nuclear transfer.


Word origin: Ancient Greek klṓn ( “twig”)

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