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Vibrio cholerae

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Definition

Noun

A gram-negative single polar flagellum bacterium associated with cholera infection in human.

Supplement

Vibrio cholerae secretes cholera toxin a certain protein that caused watery diarrhea in which symptoms includes occasional vomiting, abdominal cramps and grey cloudy liquid diarrhea that leads to dehydration manifested by dry mucous membranes, thirst, decreased skin turgor, hypotension, sunken eyes, tachycardia, weak radial pulse, cramps, renal failure, seizures and eventually death.

Vibrio cholerae is the main cause of cholera, an extreme and most fatal illnesses wherein at the onset of symptoms an individual might die within 2-3 hours if no proper treatment given due to the mislay of gallons of protein free fluid, bicarbonates, ions and electrolytes.

Vibrio cholerae infects the intestine which increases the mucous production leading to diarrhea and vomiting. It is also transmitted via feces of an infected individual through drinking of unclean water and contaminated food.

Scientific classification:

Domain: Bacteria

Phylum: Proteobacteria

Class: Gammaproteobacteria

Order: Vibrionales

Family: Vibrionaceae

Genus: Vibrio

Species: Vibrio cholerae

See also:

• Bacteria

• Cholera