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Vertebral arch

From Biology-Online Dictionary
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vertebral arch

The posterior projection from the body of a vertebra that encloses the vertebral foramen; it consists of paired pedicles and laminae; the spinous, transverse, and articular processes arise from the arch. In aggregate, the venous arches-and the ligamenta flava that unite them-form the posterior wall of the vertebral (spinal) canal.

Synonym: arcus vertebrae, neural arch.