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Chamaeleo calyptratus

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A chameleon species of the family Chamaeleonidae that is endemic to the Arabian Peninsula in Yemen and Saudi Arabia, and is characterized from other common household chameleon pets by its typically green skin coloring, lightly colored mottling, body length ranging from 25 to 61 cm, and casque (conelike structure) on the head, which can grow up to 5 cm


The chameleons are reptiles belonging to the family Chamaeleonidae. They are characterized mainly by their ability to camouflage or to change colour, long tongue, stereoscopic vision, independently mobile eyes, zygodactylous feet, and swaying gait. There are species of chameleons that are taken as a household pet. One of them is the species, Chamaeleo calyptratus. It is commonly called as veiled chameleon. The species shows sexual dimorphism. The male ranges from 35 to 61 cm in length (i.e. from the snout to the tail tip). The female is typically shorter, i.e. about 25 to 33 cm in length. However, the female is usually with a thicker body than the male.

The species has a casque (i.e. a helmet-like or conical structure) atop the head. The casque can grow up to about 5 cm. Its skin color is typically green. The adult may grow with stripes on skin or with white, yellow, orange, or tan mottling. The lifespan is usually five years.

Scientific classification:

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Reptilia
  • Order: Squamata
  • Suborder: Iguania
  • Clade: Acrodonta
  • Family: Chamaeleonidae
  • Genus: Chamaeleo
  • Species: C. calyptratus [Duméril & Bibron, 1851]

Common name(s):

  • veiled cham(a)eleon
  • Yemen cham(a)eleon
  • cone-head cham(a)eleon

See also: