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Tyrosine kinases

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tyrosine kinase

(Science: enzyme) kinases that phosphorylate protein tyrosine residues. These kinases play major roles in mitogenic signalling and can be divided into two subfamilies: receptor tyrosine kinases, that have an extracellular ligand binding domain, a single transmembrane domain and an intracellular tyrosine kinase domain and nonreceptor tyrosine kinases, which are soluble, cytoplasmic kinases.