A semifluid or fluid oleoresin, primarily the exudation of the terebinth, or turpentine, tree (pistacia Terebinthus), a native of the Mediterranean region. It is also obtained from many coniferous trees, especially species of pine, larch, and fir.
There are many varieties of turpentine. Chian turpentine is produced in small quantities by the turpentine tree (pistacia Terebinthus). Venice, Swiss, or larch turpentine, is obtained from Larix Europaea. It is a clear, colourless balsam, having a tendency to solidify. Canada turpentine, or canada balsam, is the purest of all the pine turpentines (see under Balsam). The Carpathian and Hungarian varieties are derived from pinus Cembra and Pinus Mugho. Carolina turpentine, the most abundant kind, comes from the long-leaved pine (Pinus palustris). Strasburg turpentine is from the silver fir (abies pectinata).
Origin: F. Terebentine, OF. Also turbentine; cf. Pr. Terebentina, terbentina, It. Terebentina, trementina; fr. L. Terebinthinus of the turpentine tree, from terebinthus the turpentine tree. Gr, . See Terebinth.