Third and fourth pharyngeal pouch syndrome
third and fourth pharyngeal pouch syndrome
(Science: syndrome) Also called the digeorge syndrome (dgs), this disorder is characterised by (1) low blood calcium levels (hypocalcaemia) due to underdevelopment (hypoplasia) of the parathyroid glands which control calcium; (2) underdevelopment (hypoplasia) of the thymus, an organ behind the breastbone in which lymphocytes mature and multiply; and (3) defects of the heart involving the outflow tracts more than from the heart. most cases of dgs are due to a microdeletion in chromosome band 22q11.2. A small number of cases have defects in other chromosomes, notably 10p13. Named after the american paediatric endocrinologist angelo digeorge. Another name for dgs is hypoplasia of the thymus and parathyroids.