noun, plural: terrestrial plants
Shelter in the natural habitat of a living thing is one of its primary needs to grow and survive. Habitats may vary depending on the innate characteristics and features of the species that confer them the ability to adapt, survive, and reproduce at. Habitats may be terrestrial (on land), aquatic (in water), or arboreal (above the ground).
Terrestrial invasion of living things marked a significant event in evolution. Not only animals but also plants have acquired features that enabled them to live on land. Thus, they are referred to as terrestrial animals and terrestrial plants, in contrast to aquatic animals and plants that live predominantly in water.
Plants in their terrestrial invasion augmented their diversity. At present, there are several species that belong to the group of flowering plants and that of cone-bearing plants. Through it, plants are now able to directly collect solar energy to fuel photosynthesis. Terrestrial plants have devised themselves with biological features that enable them to collect sun's rays more effectively, e.g. by growing upright, and by combating excessive heat and evaporation, e.g. through stomatal transpiration. Examples of terrestrial plants include various flowering plant species such as trees.