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From Biology-Online Dictionary | Biology-Online Dictionary
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1. Of or pertaining to synthesis; consisting in synthesis or composition; as, the synthetic method of reasoning, as opposed to analytical. Philosophers hasten too much from the analytic to the synthetic method; that is, they draw general conclusions from too small a number of particular observations and experiments. (Bolingbroke)

2. (Science: chemistry) artificial. Cf. Synthesis.

3. (Science: zoology) Comprising within itself structural or other characters which are usually found only in two or more diverse groups; said of species, genera, and higher groups. See the note under Comprehensive. Synthetic, or Synthetical language, an inflectional language, or one characterised by grammatical endings; opposed to analytic language.

Origin: Gr., cf. F. Synthetique.