From Biology-Online Dictionary | Biology-Online Dictionary


1. To excrete sensible moisture from the pores of the skin; to perspire.

2. To perspire in toil; to work hard; to drudge. He 'd have the poets sweat. (waller)

3. To emit moisture, as green plants in a heap.

Origin: OE. Sweten, AS. Swaetan, fr. Swat, n, sweat; akin to OFries. & OS. Swet, D. Zweet, OHG. Sweiz, G. Schweiss, Icel. Sviti, sveiti, Sw. Svett, Dan. Sved, L. Sudor sweat, sudare to sweat, Gr, sweat, to sweat, Skr. Sveda sweat, svid to sweat. 178. Cf. Exude, Sudary, Sudorific.

1. To cause to excrete moisture from the skin; to cause to perspire; as, his physicians attempted to sweat him by most powerful sudorifics.

2. To emit or suffer to flow from the pores; to exude. It made her not a drop for sweat. (Chaucer) With exercise she sweat ill humors out. (Dryden)

3. To unite by heating, after the application of soldier.

4. To get something advantageous, as money, property, or labour from (any one), by exaction or oppression; as, to sweat a spendthrift; to sweat laborers. To sweat coin, to remove a portion of a piece of coin, as by shaking it with others in a bag, so that the friction wears off a small quantity of the metal. The only use of it [money] which is interdicted is to put it in circulation again after having diminished its weight by sweating, or otherwise, because the quantity of metal contains is no longer consistent with its impression. (R. Cobden)

1. (Science: physiology) The fluid which is excreted from the skin of an animal; the fluid secreted by t db0 he sudoriferous glands; a transparent, colourless, acid liquid with a peculiar odour, containing some fatty acids and mineral matter; perspiration. See Perspiration. In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread. (gen. Iii. 19)

2. The act of sweating; or the state of one who sweats; hence, labour; toil; drudgery.

3. Moisture issuing from any substance; as, the sweat of hay or grain in a mow or stack.

4. The sweating sickness.

5. A short run by a race horse in exercise.

(Science: anatomy) Sweat box, sudoriferous glands. See Sudoriferous. Sweat suit. A suit comprising a top and trousers, having full arms and legs, used while performing physical exercises, especially. Out-of-doors. Sweat equity. The rights to a portion of ownership or profit, hypothetically owned by a worker who participated in producing a product, such as in improving a piece of real estate.

Origin: Cf. OE. Swot, AS. Swat. See Sweat.