2. That which is established by authority as a rule for the measure of quantity, extent, value, or quality; especially, the original specimen weight or measure sanctioned by government, as the standard pound, gallon, or yard.
3. That which is established as a rule or model by authority, custom, or general consent; criterion; test. The court, which used to be the standard of property and correctness of speech. (swift) A disposition to preserve, and an ability to improve, taken together, would be my standard of a statesman. (Burke)
5. (Science: botany) A tree of natural size supported by its own stem, and not dwarfed by grafting on the stock of a smaller species nor trained upon a wall or trellis. In France part of their gardens is laid out for flowers, others for fruits; some standards, some against walls. (Sir W. Temple)
9. The sheth of a plow.
10. A large drinking cup. Standard bearer, an officer of an army, company, or troop, who bears a standard; commonly called colour sergeantor colour bearer; hence, the leader of any organization; as, the standard bearer of a political party.
Origin: OF. Estendart, F. Etendard, probably fr. L. Extendere to spread out, extend, but influenced by E. Stand. See Extend.
3. (Science: botany) Not supported by, or fastened to, a wall; as, standard fruit trees. Not of the dwarf kind; as, a standard pear tree. Standard candle, Standard gauge. See Candle, and Gauge. Standard solution.
(Science: chemistry) See Standardized solution, under Solution.