6. To shoot up, out, or forth; to come to the light; to begin to appear; to emerge; as a plant from its seed, as streams from their source, and the like; -often followed by up, forth, or out. Till well nigh the day began to spring. (Chaucer) To satisfy the desolate and waste ground, and to cause the bud of the tender herb to spring forth. (job xxxviii. 27) Do not blast my springing hopes. (Rowe) O, spring to light; auspicious Babe, be born. (pope)
7. To issue or proceed, as from a parent or ancestor; to result, as from a cause, motive, reason, or principle. [They found] new hope to 1000 spring Out of despair, joy, but with fear yet linked. (milton)
8. To grow; to prosper. What makes all this, but jupiter the king, at whose command we perish, and we spring? (Dryden) To spring at, to leap toward; to attempt to reach by a leap. To spring forth, to leap out; to rush out. To spring in, to rush in; to enter with a leap or in haste. To spring on or upon, to leap on; to rush on with haste or violence; to assault.
Origin: AS. Springan; akin to D. & G. Springen, OS. & OHG. Springan, Icel. & Sw. Springa, Dan. Springe; cf. Gr. To hasten. Cf. Springe, Sprinkle.
6. To bend by force, as something stiff or strong; to force or put by bending, as a beam into its sockets, and allowing it to straighten when in place; often with in, out, etc.; as, to spring in a slat or a bar.
a spring was in his arm! (Dryden)
4. An elastic body of any kind, as steel, india rubber, tough wood, or compressed air, used for various mechanical purposes, as receiving and imparting power, diminishing concussion, regulating motion, measuring weight or other force.
The principal varieties of springs used in mechanisms are the spiral spring (fig. A), the coil spring (Fig. B), the elliptic spring (Fig. C), the half-elliptic spring (Fig. D), the volute spring, the india-rubber spring, the atmospheric spring, etc.
5. Any source of supply; especially, the source from which a stream proceeds; as issue of water from the earth; a natural fountain. All my springs are in thee. A secret spring of spiritual joy. The sacred spring whence and honor streams.
9. The season of the year when plants begin to vegetate and grow; the vernal season, usually comprehending the months of march, April, and May, in the middle latitudes north of the equator. The green lap of the new-come spring.
11. A crack or fissure in a mast or yard, running obliquely or transversely. A line led from a vessel's quarter to her cable so that by tightening or slacking it she can be made to lie in any desired position; a line led diagonally from the bow or stern of a vessel to some point upon the wharf to which she is moored. Air spring, boiling spring, etc. See Air, Boiling, etc. Spring back, a back with a curved piece of thin sheet iron or of stiff pasteboard fastened to the inside, the effect of which is to make the leaves of a book thus bound (as a ledger or other account or blank book) spring up and lie flat. Spring balance, a contrivance for measuring weight or force by the elasticity of a spiral spring of steel. Spring beam, a beam that supports the side of a paddle box. See Paddle beam, under Paddle, Spring beauty.
(Science: botany) See springing line of an arch, under Springing. Spring of pork, the lower part of a fore quarter, which is divided from the neck, and has the leg and foot without the shoulder. Sir, pray hand the spring of pork to me.
(Science: engineering) (Gayton) Spring pin, an iron rod fitted between the springs and the axle [[boxes, to sustain and regulate the pressure on the axles. Spring rye, a kind of rye sown in the spring; in distinction from winter rye, sown in autumn. Spring stay, a preventer stay, to assist the regular one. Spring tide, the tide which happens at, or soon after, the new and the full moon, and which rises higher than common tides. See Tide. Spring wagon, a wagon in which springs are interposed between the body and the axles to form elastic supports. Spring wheat, any kind of wheat sown in the spring; in distinction from winter wheat, which is sown in autumn.
Origin: AS. Spring a fountain, a leap. See Spring.