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From Biology-Online Dictionary | Biology-Online Dictionary
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Filled to repletion; saturated; soaked. Dries his feathers saturate with dew. (Cowper) The sand beneath our feet is saturate With blood of martyrs. (Longfellow)

Origin: L. Saturatus, p. P.

1. To cause to become completely penetrated, impregnated, or soaked; to fill fully; to sate. Innumerable flocks and herbs covered that vast expanse of emerald meadow saturated with the moisture of the atlantic. (Macaulay) Fill and saturate each kind With good according to its mind. (Emerson)

2. (Science: chemistry) To satisfy the affinity of; to cause to become inert by chemical combination with all that it can hold; as, to saturate phosphorus with chlorine.

Origin: L. Saturatus, p.p. Of saturate to saturate, fr. Satur full of food, sated. See Satire.