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Rubeola

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Definition

noun

Ordinary measles; an acute, highly contagious respiratory disease in humans and primates caused by a paramyxovirus of the genus Morbillivirus, which usually manifest symptoms such as rhinitis, cough, conjuctivitis, fever, Koplik spots, and red, maculopapular skin rash


Supplement

Rubeola or (red) measles should not be confused with rubella (German measles). Although both measles and German measles manifest red rash, they are caused by different viral pathogens.

Symptoms of rubeola include fever, conjunctivitis, rhinitis, and dry cough symptoms. Koplik spots prior to the red skin rash (which starts on the face and then spreads to the body) is an indicative sign of rubeola measles.

Compared with rubella, rubeola involves more intense symptoms. Complications associated with rubeola include pneumonia, encephalitis, diarrhea, ear infections, and seizures.


Word origin: rubeus (red)

Synonym(s):

  • red measles
  • hard measles
  • (ordinary) measles
  • morbilli

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