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Renal cell carcinoma

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renal cell carcinoma

(Science: oncology, tumour) The most common form of kidney cancer which occurs when the cells lining the renal tubule undergo cancerous changes. There are approximately 18,000 new cases of renal cell carcinoma (hypernephroma) per year in the U.S. With about 8,000 deaths annually.

smoking is considered a major risk factor. Kidney dialysis patients are at increased risk for the development of hypernephroma. Family history for renal cell carcinoma is also considered a risk factor.

symptoms include haematuria, flank pain, abdominal pain, back pain, weight loss and abdominal swelling.