1. To purchase back; to regain possession of by payment of a stipulated price; to repurchase. If a man sell a dwelling house in a walled city, then he may redeem it within a whole year after it is sold. (Lev. Xxv. 29)
2. Hence, specifically: To regain by performing the obligation or condition stated; to discharge the obligation mentioned in, as a promissory note, bond, or other evidence of debt; as, to redeem bank notes with coin.
3. To ransom, liberate, or rescue from captivity or bondage, or from any obligation or liability to suffer or to be forfeited, by paying a price or ransom; to ransom; to rescue; to recover; as, to redeem a captive, a pledge, and the like. Redeem Israel, O god, out of all his troubles. (Ps. Xxv. 22) The Almighty from the grave Hath me redeemed. (Sandys)
6. To pay the penalty of; to make amends for; to serve as an equivalent or offset for; to atone for; to compensate; as, to redeem an error. Which of ye will be mortal, to redeem Man's mortal crime? (milton) It is a chance which does redeem all sorrows. (Shak) To redeem the time, to make the best use of it.
Origin: F. Redimer, L. Redimere; pref. Red-, re- re- _ emere, emptum, to buy, originally, to take, cf. OIr. Em (in comp), Lith. Imti. Cf. Assume, Consume, Exempt, Premium, Prompt, Ransom.