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Receptors epidermal growth factor-urogastrone

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receptors, epidermal growth factor-urogastrone

glycoproteins of about 170 kD that have protein kinase activity and span the plasma membranes of growing cells, including tumours. They are activated by the binding of epidermal growth factor-urogastrone which then initiates dNA and protein synthesis. They are not found on mitotically quiescent cells except in the stomach where they control the synthesis and release of digestive enzymes and gastric acid. Transforming growth factor alpha also binds to and activates these receptors.