Prevertebral ganglion

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noun, plural: prevertebral ganglia

Any of the sympathetic ganglia located in front of the vertebral column, mainly involved in the innervation of abdominal and pelvic viscera.


Sympathetic ganglia can be divided into two major groups based on their location:

Prevertebral ganglia are closely associated with the major ventral branches of the aorta. Hence, these ganglia are found near the origin of celiac artery (called celiac ganglion), and of the superior and inferior mesenteric arteries (called superior mesenteric ganglion and inferior mesenteric ganglion, respectively).


Compare: paravertebral ganglion

See also: sympathetic ganglia