Pigment

From Biology-Online Dictionary | Biology-Online Dictionary

pigment

1. Any material from which a dye, a paint, or the like, may be prepared; particularly, the refined and purified colouring matter ready for mixing with an appropriate vehicle.

2. (Science: physiology) Any one of the coloured substances found in animal and vegetable tissues and fluids, as bilirubin, urobilin, chlorophyll, etc.

3. Wine flavored with species and honey.

(Science: physiology) pigment cell, a small cell containing colouring matter, as the pigmented epithelial cells of the choroid and iris, or the pigmented connective tissue cells in the skin of fishes, reptiles, etc.

Origin: L. Pigmentum, fr. The root of pingere to paint: cf. F. Pigment. See Paint, and cf. Pimento, Orpiment.