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Furcifer pardalis

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A chameleon species of the family Chamaeleonidae that is endemic to eastern and northern parts of Madagascar, and is characterized from other common household chameleon pets mainly by its tongs-like feet


The chameleons are reptiles belonging to the family Chamaeleonidae. They are characterized mainly by their ability to camouflage or to change colour, long tongue, stereoscopic vision, independently mobile eyes, zygodactylous feet, and swaying gait. There are species of chameleons that are taken as a household pet. One of them is the species, Furcifer pardalis. It is commonly called as panther chameleon. The species was first described in 1829 by Georges Cuvier, a French naturalist.1 It is endemic to the tropical forest biomes of eastern and northern parts of the Madagascar.

The males range from 38 to 53 cm in length whereas the females range from 23 to 33 cm in length. The males are also more vibrantly colored. The species is distinctive from other species in having a tongs-like foot. The five toes in each foot are fused in such a way that the foot results in a fork-like appearance. This feature enables the species for a tighter grip on narrow branches. The typical lifespan is about five years.

Scientific classification:

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Reptilia
  • Order: Squamata
  • Suborder: Iguania
  • Clade: Acrodonta
  • Family: Chamaeleonidae
  • Genus: Furcifer
  • Species: F. pardalis [Cuvier, 1829]

Common name(s):

  • panther cham(a)eleon

See also:

1 Andreone, F., Guarino, F. M., and Randrianirina, J. E. (2005). "Life history traits, age profile, and conservation of the panther chameleon, Furcifer pardalis (Cuvier 1829), at Nosy Be, NW Madagascar" (PDF). Tropical Zoology. 18 (2): 209–225.