Stuck on a problem? Get great tutoring at an affordable price with Chegg. Click here to join and get your 1st 30 minutes Free!

Oxidize

From Biology-Online Dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Definition

verb

(1) To combine with oxygen; to add oxygen; to convert into an oxide.

(2) To remove hydrogen, as by the action of oxygen, e.g. to oxidize alcohol to form aldehyde.

(3) To increase the valence of an element, e.g. by removing electrons.

(4) To become oxidized.


Supplement

When a compound is oxidized the oxidation number is increased. For instance, the suffix changes from -ous to -ic, such as mercurous chloride when oxidized becomes mercuric chloride.


Variant: oxidise (British)

Related forms: oxidizes (simple present), oxidizing (present participle), oxidized (simple past and past participle).

Compare: reduce.
See also: oxidation.