From Biology-Online Dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search


noun, plural: oncologists

A specialist or a scientist that specializes in oncology


An oncologist is a specialist or a scientist specializing in the field of oncology. Oncology is a branch of medical science concerned with tumors, particularly their origin, development, diagnosis, and treatment. Since oncology has various sub-specialties, there are different types of oncologists. Some of them are as follows:

  • A gynaecological oncologist is a specialist who is expert in the treatment of cancer affecting the female reproductive system.
  • A neuro-oncologist is a physician who specialises in treating patients with brain tumours, and/or the consequences of cancer upon the nervous system. The physician may be a trained neurologist, oncologist or neurosurgeon.
  • An ocular oncologist is one who specializes on cancers of the eye.
  • Head and neck oncologists are those that focus on the cancers of the oral cavity, nasal cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx, and larynx.
  • Thoracic oncologist is a specialist on the cancers of lung, mediastinum, esophagus, and pleura
  • A breast oncologist is a specialist on the cancers of the breasts.
  • A pediatric oncologist is one who is concerned with cancers in children.
  • A molecular oncologist is one who focuses on the molecular diagnostic methods in oncology.

See also:

Related term(s):