Obstetrics and gynaecology

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Obstetrics and gynaecology is a medical specialty that combines obstetrics and gynaecology. Obstetrics specializes in caring for women at pregnancy, childbirth, and postpartum period whereas gynaecology deals with the diagnosis and treatment relating to the female reproductive system. These two medical specialties are so related that they are often combined in order to provide fast and efficient administration and management services on the overall female reproductive health. Hospitals and clinics for obstetrics and gynaecology offer the following common procedures: colposcopy or Pap smear screening, loop electrosurgical excision procedure or LEEP (abnormal vaginal tissue removal), endometrial biopsy, intrauterine device (IUD) insertion, birth control procedures (e.g. nexplanon, tubal ligation), and ovarian cystectomy (ovarian cyst removal). Sub-specializations are also possible. Some of the subspecialty trainings for physicians are gynaecological oncology, reproductive endocrinology and infertility, perinatology, family planning, menopausal and geriatric gynaecology. Physicians that specialize in both obstetrics and gynaecology are called obstetrician-gynecologists. Variant: obstetrics and gynecology. Abbreviations: OB-GYN, OB/GYN, O&G, obs and gynae. Variant: obstetrics and gynecology

See also


  1. Vogt, V. Y. (2019). Obstetrics and Gynecology. Retrieved from American College of Surgeons website: https://www.facs.org/education/resources/residency-search/specialties/obgyn

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