noun, plural: neurologists
A neurologist is an expert in neurology. The neurologist is generally a physician in this field. Neurology is a science that deals with the nervous system, particularly the disorders, diagnosis, and treatments involving the nervous system. It is concerned with the disorders involving the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system. The neurologist may therefore conduct a study or a research on the disorders occurring in the brain or spinal cord of the central nervous system or on the autonomic nervous system or the somatic nervous system of the peripheral nervous system. It also takes into consideration the coverings, blood vessels, and muscles affected by a certain disorder in the nervous system.
The neurologists are trained physicians that also conduct research on neurological disorders. They are often involved in clinical research, clinical trials, and fundamental research. Some of the areas of research are Alzheimer's disease, stroke, epilepsy, neuromuscular disorders, pain management, and movement disorders.
Some of the early notable neurologists were Jean-Martin Charcot and Edward Flatau. Jean-Martin Charcot was considered as one of the fathers of neurology. Edward Flatau's important works were human brain atlas published in 1894 and a fundamental book on migraines published in 1912.
Word origin: Greek neuron + logos (science)