Myriapodology is a branch of zoology that deals with myriapods. It is one of the sub-fields of arthropodology. Arthropodology, in particular, is the biological science that studies arthropods. Arthropods are invertebrates (of the phylum Arthropoda) that are characterized mainly by possessing a hard chitinous exoskeleton and multiple paired jointed limbs. Since arthropodology involves the largest phylum of the animal kingdom it is further subdivided into these sub-disciplines: arachnology (the study of arachnids), entomology (the study of insects), carcinology (the study of crustaceans), and myriapodology (the study of myriapods).
Myriapodology deals primarily with the myriapods with the intent of understanding the myriapods' development, taxonomy, biology, evolution, distribution, and ecology. Myriapods include the millipedes, the centipedes, the symphylans, the pauropodans, and the arthropleurideans.
An expert in this field is called a myriapodologist. The myriapodologists conduct studies in order to understand the biology of crustaceans as well as their identification and classification, evolutionary relationships, ecological importance, and distribution. One of the notable people that contributed in this field was Carl August Graf Attems-Petzenstein. He was an Austrian zoologist and myriapodologist who published 138 scientific papers, mainly on myriapods. He was able to describe about 1800 species and subspecies of myriapods from different parts of the world. Another was Henry Wilfred Brolemann, a French myriapodologist who named some 500 myriapod species.