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Mushroom coral

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noun, plural: mushroom corals

Any of the coral species belonging to the family Fungiidae of class Anthozoa mainly characterized by their flattened disc-shape


Mushroom corals belong to the family Fungiidae of class Anthozoa. Their name is derived from their resemblance to mushrooms. Although some species are colonial, most of the mushroom corals are solitary. They are capable of benthic locomotion.

An example of mushroom coral species is Fungia repanda. It has a characteristic circular and thick polyp (with diameter of about 300 mm). It is capable of moving to another location on certain occasions. It has granular spines and is brown in color. It can occur at depths of 1 to 30 m, on flats and slopes of reefs. It is found in the Gulf of Aden, the Red Sea, the southwestern and northern Indian Ocean, eastern Africa, northern, eastern, and western Australia, the East China Sea, Japan, and the western and central Pacific Ocean.1

Another example of mushroom coral is Ctenactis echinata. It is native to the Indo-Pacific region. It may also occur in the Red Sea and Indian Ocean.

Scientific classification:

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Cnidaria
  • Class: Anthozoa
  • Subclass: Hexacorallia
  • Order: Scleractinia
  • Family: Fungiidae [Dana, 1846]

See also:

1 Fungia repanda. Retrieved from [[1]]