A gram negative short rod shaped and non-motile bacterium involved as an unusual and rarely isolated as opportunistic pathogens.
Moraxella atlantae is a catalase and oxidase-positive that cannot able to acidify sugar either fermentatively or oxidatively and has negative reactions on triple sugar iron, nitrate, urease, indole as well as lysine and ornithine decarboxylase. It has a fragments length of 116,133 and 270 base pairs which signify a prototype that distinguished this bacterium from other member of genus Moraxella.
Moraxella atlantae is susceptible to all antibiotics that show difficulties in most laboratories which may cause possible underestimation of its occurrence. In culture media it demonstrate small colonies having corroding activity and twitching motility on blood agar.
Moraxella atlantae consists of five strains isolated from blood culture yet, reveals no significant clinical importance. One strain has been implicated only in an individual suffering from systemic lupus erythematosis.
Former name: CDC group M-3
Species: Moraxella atlantae
• Systemic lupus erythematosis