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(Science: biochemistry) glycerol with an acyl moiety esterified to position 1 (i.e., 1-monoacylglycerol) or position 2 (i.e., 2-monoacylglycerol); an intermediate in the degradation and synthesis of lipids; 2 monoacylglycerols are a major end product of triacylglycerol degradation.

Monoacylglycerol acyltransferase, an intestinal enzyme that catalyses the reaction of 2-monoacylglycerol and acyl-CoA to form coenzyme A and 1,2-diacylglycerol.

Monoacylglycerol lipase, an enzyme that catalyses the hydrolysis of monoacylglycerol to produce a fatty acid anion and glycerol; a part of lipid degradation.