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Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis

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membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis

(Science: pathology) A kidney disorder which results in kidney dysfunction. Inflammation of the glomeruli result from an abnormal immune response and the deposition of antibodies within the kidney (glomerulus) ultrastructure.

Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis has been divided into two different types in the basis of where the antibodies are deposited in the glomerulus. MPGN type I, the more common type, deposits antibodies in the subendothelial layer of the basement membrane, whereas type II deposits antibodies in the bottom layer of the basement membrane.

symptoms include cloudy urine (pyuria), decreased urine output, swelling and hypertension. This disorder often results in end-stage renal disease.

Acronym: MPGN