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# Mathematical and theoretical biology

**Definition**

*noun*

An interdisciplinary field of academic study which aims at modelling natural, biological processes using mathematical techniques and tools

**Supplement**

Mathematical and theoretical biology is an interdisciplinary field that aims at modelling natural, biological processes using mathematical techniques and tools. It has both practical and theoretical applications in biological research. The mathematical biology aspect of this field is concerned with the mathematical representation, treatment, and modeling of biological processes though the use of applied mathematical techniques and tools. This is essential in presenting an accurate depiction of a system. Thus, a more reliable prediction can be made from the simulation. Since it taps the field of mathematics, it may apply calculus, probability theory, statistics, linear algebra, abstract algebra, graph theory, combinatorics, algebraic geometry, topology, dynamical systems, differential equations, and coding theory.^{1} Because of this, research study conducted in this field is often a collaboration between mathematicians and biologists specializing in a particular field (e.g. geneticist, physiologist, oncologist, zoologist, etc.). Professionals specializing in this field are referred to as biomathematicians.

*Synonym(s):*

- biomathematics
- mathematical and theoretical biology

*See also:*

*Reference(s):*
^{1} Robeva, R. and others. (Fall 2010). "Mathematical Biology Modules Based on Modern Molecular Biology and Modern Discrete Mathematics". CBE Life Sciences Education. The American Society for Cell Biology. 9 (3): 227–240.