1. A Chinese public officer or nobleman; a civil or military official in china and Annam.
2. (Science: botany) a small orange, with easily separable rind. It is thought to be of Chinese origin, and is counted a distinct species (citrus nobilis).
(Science: chemistry) mandarin duck, an artificial aniline dyestuff used for colouring silk and wool, and regarded as a complex derivative of quinoline.
Origin: pg. Mandarim, from Malay mantri minister of state, prop. A hind. Word, fr. Skr. Mantrin a counselor, manira a counsel, man to think.