Mach zehnder system
Interferometric system in which the original light beam is divided by a semi transparent mirror: object and reference beams pass through separate optical systems and are recombined by a second semi transparent mirror. Interference fringes are displaced if the optical path difference for the reference beam is greater and this can be compensated with a wedge shaped auxiliary object. The position of the wedge allows the phase retardation of the object to be measured. The mach zehnder system was used in a microscope designed by Leitz.