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The disintegration or rupture of the cell membrane, resulting in the release of cell contents or the subsequent death of the cell.


The gradual recovery or recuperation from an acute disease.

(suffix: -lysis)

Decomposition, breakdown or disintegration.


(cytology) Lysis occurs as a result of viral or osmotic mechanisms that compromise the integrity of the cell membrane.

Word origin: from Greek λύσις, lysis from lyein = to separate. Related forms: lyse (verb), lytic (adjective).
Derived terms: cytolysis, dermatolysis, haemodialysis, haemolysis, enzymolysis, hydrolysis.