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From Biology-Online Dictionary
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1. To become languid or weak; to lose strength or animation; to be or become dull, feeble or spiritless; to pine away; to wither or fade. We . . . Do languish of such diseases. (2 Esdras viii. 31) Cease, fond nature, cease thy strife, And let me landguish into life. (Pope) For the fields of Heshbon languish. (Is. Xvi. 8)

2. To assume an expression of weariness or tender grief, appealing for sympathy.

Synonym: to pine, wither, fade, droop, faint.

Origin: oe. Languishen, languissen, f. Languir, L. Languere; cf. Gr. To slacken, slack, Icel. Lakra to lag behind; prob. Akin to E. Lag, lax, and perh. To E. Slack.See -ish.