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From Biology-Online Dictionary | Biology-Online Dictionary
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The chief city of Palestine, intimately associated with the glory of the Jewish nation, and the life and death of Jesus christ. Jerusalem artichoke [Perh. A corrupt. Of It. Girasole i.e, sunflower, or turnsole. See Gyre, solar.

(Science: botany) a spiny, leguminous tree (Parkinsonia aculeata), widely dispersed in warm countries, and used for hedges. The new jerusalem, Heaven; the Celestial City.

Origin: gr, fr. Heb. Yrshalaim.