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Inorganic salt

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Definition

noun, plural: inorganic salts

A salt that lacks C-H bonds


Supplement

A salt is defined as the neutral ionic compound formed by chemical combination of acid and base, or through neutralization. Salts are formed when the ions are joined together by an ionic bond and when dissolved by a solvent such as water would dissociate into ions (other than H+ or OH-)

An inorganic salt is one that does not contain C-H bonds as opposed to an organic salt that contains C-H bonds. One of the most commonly known salts is sodium chloride, which is a chemical compound comprised of sodium and chloride ions.

Living things need inorganic salts to live and thrive. In humans, some of the important inorganic salts for diverse bodily functions are sodium chloride (NaCl), calcium chloride (CaCl2), magnesium chloride (MgCl2), sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3), potassium chloride (KCl), sodium sulfate (Na2SO4), calcium carbonate (CaCO3), and calcium phosphate (Ca3(PO4)2. Inorganic salts dissociate in solutions into ions (or electrolytes). These ions are essential in different metabolic activities of the cell. NaCl, for instance, dissociates into sodium and chloride ions. Sodium ions, in particular, are essential during the depolarization of neurons and muscle cells, and therefore essential for the relay of impulses and muscle contraction.


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