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From Biology-Online Dictionary | Biology-Online Dictionary
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Origin: L.historia, gr. 'istoria history, information, inquiry, fr. 'istwr, istwr, knowing, learned, from the root of to know; akin to E. Wit. See wit, and cf. Story.

1. A learning or knowing by inquiry; the knowledge of facts and events, so obtained; hence, a formal statement of such information; a narrative; a description; a written record; as, the history of a patients case; the history of a legislative bill.

2. A systematic, written account of events, particularly of those affecting a nation, institution, science, or art, and usually connected with a philosophical explanation of their causes; a true story, as distinguished from a romance; distinguished also from annals, which relate simply the facts and events of each year, in strict chronological order; from biography, which is the record of an individuals life; and from memoir, which is history composed from personal experience, observation, and memory. Histories are as perfect as the historian is wise, and is gifted with an eye and a soul. (Carlyle) For aught that i could ever read, Could ever hear by tale or history. (Shak) What histories of toil could i declare! (Pope) history piece, a representation in painting, drawing, etc, of any real event, including the actors and the action. Natural history, a description and classification of objects in nature, as minerals, plants, animals, etc, and the phenomena which they exhibit to the senses.

Synonym: Chronicle, annals, relation, narration.

history, Chronicle, Annals. History is a methodical record of important events which concern a community of men, usually so arranged as to show the connection 7de

of causes and effects, to give an analysis of motive and action etc. A chronicle is a record of such events, conforming to the order of time as its distinctive feature. Annals are a chronicle divided up into separate years. By poetic license annals is sometimes used for history. Justly Caesar scorns the poet's lays; It is to history he trusts for praise. (Pope) No more yet of this; For 't is a chronicle of day by day, Not a relation for a breakfast. (Shak) Many glorious examples in the annals of our religion. (Rogers)