Heart-lung machine

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A blood pump and oxygenator used to temporarily circulate and oxygenate the blood by diverting the blood from the heart and lungs and then re-infusing the oxygenated blood into the patient's body.


The first successful open-heart surgery on humans using this machine was for a congenital heart defect in an 18 year old woman by John Gibbon in Philadelphia in 1953.

See also: cardiopulmonary bypass