a historical and cultural entity dispersed across a wide geographical area under the influence of greek civilization, culture, and science. The greek empire extended from the greek mainland and the aegean islands from the 16th century b.c., to the indus valley in the 4th century under alexander the great, and to southern italy and sicily. Greek medicine began with homeric and aesculapian medicine and continued unbroken to hippocrates (480-355 b.c.). The classic period of greek medicine was 460-136 b.c. And the graeco-roman period, 156 b.c.-576 a.d.