Confused and have questions? We’ve got answers. With Chegg Study, you can get step-by-step solutions to your questions from an expert in the field. If you rather get 1:1 study help, try 30 minutes of free online tutoring with Chegg Tutors.

Glycolysis

From Biology-Online Dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Definition

noun

(1) The initial metabolic pathway of cellular respiration in which a series of reactions happening in the cytosol results in the conversion of a monosaccharide, often glucose, into pyruvic acid, and the concomitant production of a relatively small amount of high-energy molecules, such as ATP.

(2) The cellular degradation of the simple sugar, glucose, to yield ATP as an energy source.


Supplement

The most common and well-known type of glycolysis is the Embden-meyerhof pathway, initially explained by Gustav Embden and Otto Meyerhof.

The term can be taken to include alternative pathways, such as the Entner-Doudoroff Pathway.


Word origin: Greek, glykys = sweet, referring to sugar + Iyein = to loosen.

Related forms: glycolytic (adjective).

Synonym: Embden-meyerhof pathway.
See also: Krebs Cycle, cellular respiration.