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Gardnerella vaginalis

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Definition

noun

A facultative anaerobes and gram-variable rod shaped involved in bacterial vaginosis in women resulted from the disrupted normal vaginal microflora.

Supplement

Gardnerella vaginalis is not the primary caused in bacterial vaginosis but a signal organisms or as indicators that microbial ecology in the vagina is altered associated with overgrowth of several bacterial species therefore, prescription of antibiotics with anaerobic coverage is needed to recover the equilibrium of the ecosystem and balanced will be re-established.

Gardnerella vaginalis associated with urogenital tract infections in females manifested with unpleasant odor, vaginal irritation, pruritus and yellow-green mucosal discharge containing clue cells while in male urethra is asymptomatically infected. An active sexual activity and vaginal douching increased the risk of developing bacterial vaginosis as well as factors like stress and used of perfumed hygiene products however it may be disappear without any treatment yet has been linked to other conditions such as premature labour, pelvic inflammatory disease, uterine infections and recurring urinary tract infections.

Gardnerella vaginalis can also be isolated and detected fromblood samples,urine and pharynx even without any signs of infections. This bacterium is associated with other bacteria that caused bacterial vaginosis including Prevotella, Bacteriodes, Mobiluncus, Fusobacterium, Veillonella and Eubacterium.

Scientific classification:

Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Actinobacteria
Class: Actinobacteria
Order: Bifidobacteriales
Family: Bifidobacteriaceae
Genus: Gardnerella
Species: Gardnerella vaginalis

See also:

Bacteria

Vaginosis